Domain Essay Ethics In In Law Morality Politics Public

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics -

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics -

Metaphor, Morality, and Politics, Or, Why Conservatives Have Left Liberals In the Dust

Domain Essay Ethics In In Law Morality Politics Public

Unfortunately liberals are less insightful than conservatives at recognizing that morality and the family lie at the center of their political universe. If i do something harmful to you, then i have given something of negative value and, by moral arithmetic, taken something of positive value. In metaphorical terms, the complex of strength metaphors defines the moral goal and moral self-interest defines the means for achieving that goal.

According to this metaphor, moral action is fair action in one of these ways. To remove it is to virtually guarantee harm to the normal moral citizen who would rather be working than lying helplessly in a net. Since purity and cleanliness promote health, morality is seen as being pure and clean.

And again the explanation centers on a model of the family, the moral system that goes with that model, and the nation-as-family metaphor. But the bible requires interpretation, and there are plenty of liberal interpretations ( the national council of churches, liberation theology). Nor does it explain conservative views in cases where there is no consensus, such as abortion.

Those who give a very high priority to moral strength, of course, see it as a form of idealism. For me, one of the most poignant effects of the ignorance of metaphorical thought is the mystification of liberals concerning the recent electoral successes of conservatives. When phil gramm turns the safety net into a hammock, he is doing more than just replacing one image with another that looks similar.

This metaphor sees it as the highest morality when everyone pursues his own self-interest unimpeded. And because it is better to be healthy than sick, we expect to see morality conceptualized in terms of health and attendant concepts like cleanliness and purity. Taxation just as in a nurturant family it is the duty of older and stronger children to help out those that are younger and weaker, so in a nation it is the duty of citizens who are better-off to contribute more than those who are worse-off.

In the strict father model of the family, the mother is subordinated to running the day-to-day affairs of the home and raising the children according to the fathers direction. And as in the case of moderate conservatism, moderate liberalism can be characterized by placing moral self-interest as the goal and seeing these metaphors as providing the means by which to help people seek their self-interest. If it is always possible to muster the discipline to just say no to drugs or sex and to support yourself in this land of opportunity, then failure to do so is laziness and social class and social forces cannot explain your poverty or your drug habit or your illegitimate children. Where we find purification rituals, we find a manifestation of morality as purity. Despite the fact that strict father models of the family occur throughout the world, this aspect of the strict father model appears to be uniquely american.

Ethics - Wikipedia

Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The term ethics derives from Ancient Greek ἠθικός (ethikos), from ἦθος (), meaning 'habit, custom'.
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Domain Essay Ethics In In Law Morality Politics Public

The Yale Law Journal - Print Archive
Announcing the 2018-2019 YLJ Public Interest Fellows. 31 Mar 2018. En Banc Second Circuit Cites Volumes 127 & 124
Domain Essay Ethics In In Law Morality Politics Public

It is behind the view that social programs are immoral and promote evil because they are seen as working against self-discipline and self-reliance. Regulation just as a nurturant parent must protect his children, a government must protect its citizens -- not only from external threats, but also from pollution, disease, unsafe products, workplace hazards, nuclear waste, and unscrupulous businessmen. It is strict father morality that determines what counts as a conservative interpretation of the bible.

In fact, the major empirical studies in child development over the past quarter century show just the reverse. What do the the hundreds of thousands of parents who educate their children at home, or the millions of americans who oppose high taxes, have to do with the thugs who bombed the federal building? Gary bauer is in denial, as are others on the right. Yet conservatives have a far better understanding of the basis of their politics than liberals do.

It explains why opposition to environmental protection goes with support for military protection, why the right-to-life goes with the right to own machine guns, why patriotism goes with hatred of government. This example illustrates what a cognitive scientist means when he speaks of conceptual metaphor. Someone who is morally weak cannot stand up to evil and so will eventually commit evil.

Taxation just as in a nurturant family it is the duty of older and stronger children to help out those that are younger and weaker, so in a nation it is the duty of citizens who are better-off to contribute more than those who are worse-off. You replace the energetic, athletic tightrope walker with the paragon of laziness in the hammock. The idea that morality is empathy entails that if you feel what others feel, you will abide by experiential morality since, by empathy, you yourself will experience any harmful effects of what you do to others.

The strict father model, which brings together the conservative metaphors for morality, is what unites the various conservative political positions into a coherent whole when it is imposed on political life by the nation-as-family metaphor. To illustrate how the system works, let us begin with one of the most prominent metaphors in the system -- the metaphor by which morality is conceptualized in terms of accounting. George lakoff is professor of cognitive sciences at the university of california at berkeley.

Evil is conceptualized as a force in the world, and it is the fathers job to support his family and protect it from evils -- both external and internal. The mother has day-to-day responsibility for the care of the house and details of raising the children. In overprotection, the government helps people without being sure they have the means to become self-reliant. Moral action is giving something of positive value immoral action is giving something of negative value. Liberals do not understand what unifies their own worldview and so are helpless to deal effectively with conservatism.

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